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mass2mz calculates the m/z value from a neutral mass and an adduct definition.

Custom adduct definitions can be passed to the adduct parameter in form of a data.frame. This data.frame is expected to have columns "mass_add" and "mass_multi" defining the additive and multiplicative part of the calculation. See adducts() for examples.

Usage

mass2mz(x, adduct = "[M+H]+")

Arguments

x

numeric neutral mass for which the adduct m/z shall be calculated.

adduct

either a character specifying the name(s) of the adduct(s) for which the m/z should be calculated or a data.frame with the adduct definition. See adductNames() for supported adduct names and the description for more information on the expected format if a data.frame is provided.

Value

numeric matrix with same number of rows than elements in x and number of columns being equal to the length of adduct (adduct names are used as column names). Each column thus represents the m/z of xfor each defined adduct.

See also

mz2mass() for the reverse calculation, adductNames() for supported adduct definitions.

Author

Michael Witting, Johannes Rainer

Examples


exact_mass <- c(100, 200, 250)
adduct <- "[M+H]+"

## Calculate m/z of [M+H]+ adduct from neutral mass
mass2mz(exact_mass, adduct)
#>        [M+H]+
#> [1,] 101.0073
#> [2,] 201.0073
#> [3,] 251.0073

exact_mass <- 100
adduct <- "[M+Na]+"

## Calculate m/z of [M+Na]+ adduct from neutral mass
mass2mz(exact_mass, adduct)
#>       [M+Na]+
#> [1,] 122.9892

## Calculate m/z of multiple adducts from neutral mass
mass2mz(exact_mass, adduct = adductNames())
#>      [M+3H]3+ [M+2H+Na]3+ [M+H+Na2]3+ [M+Na3]3+ [M+2H]2+ [M+H+NH4]2+ [M+H+K]2+
#> [1,] 34.34061    41.66792    48.99524  56.32255 51.00728    59.52055  69.98522
#>      [M+H+Na]2+ [M+C2H3N+2H]2+ [M+2Na]2+ [M+C4H6N2+2H]2+ [M+C6H9N3+2H]2+
#> [1,]   61.99825       71.52055  72.98922        92.03383        112.5471
#>        [M+H]+  [M+Li]+ [M+2Li-H]+ [M+NH4]+ [M+H2O+H]+  [M+Na]+ [M+CH4O+H]+
#> [1,] 101.0073 107.0155   113.0236 118.0338   119.0178 122.9892    133.0335
#>        [M+K]+ [M+C2H3N+H]+ [M+2Na-H]+ [M+C3H8O+H]+ [M+C2H3N+Na]+ [M+2K-H]+
#> [1,] 138.9632     142.0338   144.9712     161.0648      164.0158   176.919
#>      [M+C2H6OS+H]+ [M+C4H6N2+H]+  [2M+H]+ [2M+NH4]+ [2M+Na]+  [2M+K]+
#> [1,]      179.0212      183.0604 201.0073  218.0338 222.9892 238.9632
#>      [2M+C2H3N+H]+ [2M+C2H3N+Na]+  [3M+H]+ [M+H-NH3]+ [M+H-H2O]+
#> [1,]      242.0338       264.0158 301.0073   83.98073   82.99671
#>      [M+H-Hexose-H2O]+ [M+H-H4O2]+ [M+H-CH2O2]+ [M]+
#> [1,]         -61.04555    64.98615      55.0018  100

## Provide a custom adduct definition.
adds <- data.frame(mass_add = c(1, 2, 3), mass_multi = c(1, 2, 0.5))
rownames(adds) <- c("a", "b", "c")
mass2mz(c(100, 200), adds)
#>        a   b   c
#> [1,] 101 202  53
#> [2,] 201 402 103